Five FAQs - Flood

What are floods and the factors which cause floods?

An overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal limits, especially over what is normally dry land. 
Causes : -
• Meteorological factors such as heavy rainfall, cyclonic storms, etc. 
• Hydrological factors such as occurrence of high tides. 
• Anthropogenic factors such as unplanned urbanization, poor waste management system, ill maintenance of drainage systems, etc.

What preparations can people residing in flood-prone areas take? 

Be updated about the weather. Prepare an emergency kit with essential items, keep a first aid kit, and keep important documents in water proof bags. One should keep their mobile phones charged and use SMS if necessary. Keep animals untied for their safety. 

How should one stay safe during a flood? 

During a flood, one should not enter flood waters. If necessary, wear suitable footwear. Stay away from sewerage lines, drains, gutters, electric poles, fallen power lines. Eat freshly cooked food or dry food and drink boiled/chlorinated water. Use disinfectants to clean your surroundings.

Are there any precautions to take after a flood? 

Don’t allow children to play in flood waters. Don’t immediately use electronic goods, get them checked first. Watch out for broken electric poles, wires, sharp objects. Don’t eat food that has been in flood waters. Use a mosquito net to prevent malaria. Don’t use the toilet and tap water if sewage pipes are damaged. 

What to do if one needs to evacuate? 

While evacuating, raise furniture, appliances. Put sandbags in the toilet bowl and cover all drain holes to prevent sewage backflow. Turn off power & gas mains and take an emergency kit. Come back home only when officials declare it safe to do so.

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