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Showing posts from July, 2018
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Interview: Anil K. Malik on Civil Defence


Civil Defence is considered to be an asset for disaster response at the community level as well as for the capacity building of communities. In its efforts towards its further strengthening, NDMA organised a one-day conference on the subject in May 2018.  To understand the role and functioning of Civil Defence in India, Aapda Samvaad spoke with Shri Anil K. Malik, Additional Chief Warden, Delhi Civil Defence.
Q. Please explain the structure and role of Civil Defence in India in brief.
A. Civil Defence in India is primarily organised on voluntary basis except for a small nucleus of paid staff and establishment which is augmented during emergencies. The organisation is headed by the Director General, Fire Services, Civil Defence and Home Guards. He is assisted by a battery of staff under all the three heads. Civil Defence is meant to deal with immediate emergency conditions, save lives, minimise damage to infrastructure, protect the public, restore…
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Uttar Pradesh prepares to tackle floods 

"Bachao! Bachao!" yelled the locals when they saw two young boys drowning in Gorra near Deoria. The river was in spate and rescuing them was going to be a tough task. Not for the trained NDRF (National Disaster Response Force) personnel though. They arrived in two motorboats, jumped into the river and rescued the boys.
Meanwhile, in Gorakhpur, river Rapti continued to rise above its danger level and three villages in its vicinity had to be evacuated. These villagers were brought to relief camps; given food and water and medical assistance.
Similar activities were underway at different locations across 23 flood-affected districts. These activities were being monitored closely by NDMA's (National Disaster Management Authority) Maj. Gen. (Retd.) V. K. Datta who would later analyse the entire exercise for coordination gaps and suggest ways to fix them.
While the reactions to this event were real, the event itself was thankfully not. The …
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Interview: Dr. Mahesh Tandon on Earthquakes


Nearly 59 per cent of India’s landmass is prone to moderate to severe earthquakes. And they strike without warning. Needless to say then that we need to stay prepared to deal with them. Aapda Samvaad spoke with Dr. Mahesh Tandon, a guest professor at IIT Gandhinagar and an international expert in Structural Engineering.
Q. What is an earthquake? What causes earthquakes?
A. The outer crust of the earth, which has a thickness of some 10 km to 50 km, consists of several tectonic plates which are not stationary. The boundaries of adjacent tectonic plates, also called “fault lines” can slip with respect to each other. A sudden slip can result in the release of an enormous amount of strain energy thereby causing severe ground shaking, which is felt as an “inter-plate” earthquake. Apart from the movements at the boundaries, the tectonic plates themselves may split or rupture and cause an “intra-plate” earthquake.
Q. How long does an earthquake last?
A.…